Medical Vocabulary

Ache: pain that will not go away

Allergy: a body’s abnormal reaction to food or environmental substances

Antibiotics: medicine used to cure infections and kill bacteria

Arthritis: a disease that causes the joints to become swollen and painful

Biopsy: removal of human tissue to perform a procedure

Blood Pressure: rate at which blood flows through the body (high/low)

Cardiologist: specialist who treats heart disease

Check-up: a doctor’s appointment for an examination to make sure you are well-many people go each year for an Annual Check-up

Clinic: a place where sick people can get treatment-some clinics are open 24 hours a day

Cyst: sac in the body (usually tissue filled with liquid)

Dermatologist: specialist who treats skin diseases

Diagnosis: medical determination of a condition

Filling: repairing a cavity (hole) in a tooth

Fracture: cracked bone (not as bad as breaking a bone)

General Practitioner: family doctor who treats a variety of illnesses

Geriatrics: care of elderly people

Genetic: family condition or trait that is passed down through genes

Immunization: protection from a disease through medical injection

Inflamed: the swelling, or reddening, of a body part

Initial Consultation: first visit to a doctor or other profession-in the U.S., many people go to the doctor for an initial consultation even if they are not ill

Internist: specialist who treats patients without using surgery

Laboratory (Lab): place where doctors can perform scientific experiments to further medical discovery

Lab Test: testing blood, urine or body tissues

Malignant: cells expected to grow and get worse (usually referring to cancer cells)

Maternity Care: medical care for pregnant women

Numb: when you cannot feel something on your body

OR (operating room): place where doctors perform medical procedures

Obstetrician: specialist who takes care of pregnant women and delivers their babies

Ophthalmologist: a medical doctor who treats eyes

Operation: doctor’s medical procedure to rid a person of a disease, or other harmful problems

Optometrist: a specialist who tests eyes and prescribes contact lenses and eyeglasses

Orthodontist: dentist who specializes in straightening teeth

Out-of-area Coverage: payment for medical treatment received when you are away from home

Patient: person who is seeing a doctor for something wrong with their body

Pharmacists: person who fills the doctor’s prescription (usually at a different location that your doctor’s office)

Physician: doctor

Pediatrician: doctor for children

Poisons: substances that are very harmful to humans if in contact with

Prescription: written order for medicine to take to the pharmacy

Preexisting Condition: an illness or injury for which out have consulted a doctor or received medical treatment before buying a new insurance policy-some insurance companies will not pay the expenses for these illnesses or injuries

Primary-care Physician: family doctor associated with managed care companies

Seizure: a sudden, burst of uncontrollable movements, usually associated with an underlying disease

Shock: when the body does not get enough blood flow; feels like you are confused or bewildered

Spasm: uncontrolled tightening of the a muscle, also called a “cramp”

Sprain: an injury to a joint (ankle, wrist, elbow, etc.) not as serious as a fracture or break

Sting: sudden, sharp pain

Swelling: growing of areas around the joints, causes joint to ache if weight is put on it

Temperature: amount of heat your body is producing, if your body temperature rises over 99 degrees F, you may have a fever

Therapy: treatment used to better the use of something that has been injured, to regain its durability

Transplant: the moving of an organ from one human to another

Refill: when a doctor first writes a prescription the refill allows you to obtain additional doses without returning to the doctor’s office

Radiation: rays used to kill off cancer cells in he body

Ultrasound: test used to see activity inside of a human body (usually used to see babies inside the mother during pregnancies)

Unconscious: appearing to be dead, or inept, but alive and just non-responsive

Virus: organism that can cause sicknesses and diseases to spread throughout the body

Ward: section of a medical center where patients stay

Wound: injury to the body that needs to be tended to

X-ray: a machine that takes picture of a person’s bone or organs

Medical Vocabulary

Ache: pain that will not go away

Allergy: a body’s abnormal reaction to food or environmental substances

Antibiotics: medicine used to cure infections and kill bacteria

Arthritis: a disease that causes the joints to become swollen and painful

Biopsy: removal of human tissue to perform a procedure

Blood Pressure: rate at which blood flows through the body (high/low)

Cardiologist: specialist who treats heart disease

Check-up: a doctor’s appointment for an examination to make sure you are well-many people go each year for an Annual Check-up

Clinic: a place where sick people can get treatment-some clinics are open 24 hours a day

Cyst: sac in the body (usually tissue filled with liquid)

Dermatologist: specialist who treats skin diseases

Diagnosis: medical determination of a condition

Filling: repairing a cavity (hole) in a tooth

Fracture: cracked bone (not as bad as breaking a bone)

General Practitioner: family doctor who treats a variety of illnesses

Geriatrics: care of elderly people

Genetic: family condition or trait that is passed down through genes

Immunization: protection from a disease through medical injection

Inflamed: the swelling, or reddening, of a body part

Initial Consultation: first visit to a doctor or other profession-in the U.S., many people go to the doctor for an initial consultation even if they are not ill

Internist: specialist who treats patients without using surgery

Laboratory (Lab): place where doctors can perform scientific experiments to further medical discovery

Lab Test: testing blood, urine or body tissues

Malignant: cells expected to grow and get worse (usually referring to cancer cells)

Maternity Care: medical care for pregnant women

Numb: when you cannot feel something on your body

OR (operating room): place where doctors perform medical procedures

Obstetrician: specialist who takes care of pregnant women and delivers their babies

Ophthalmologist: a medical doctor who treats eyes

Operation: doctor’s medical procedure to rid a person of a disease, or other harmful problems

Optometrist: a specialist who tests eyes and prescribes contact lenses and eyeglasses

Orthodontist: dentist who specializes in straightening teeth

Out-of-area Coverage: payment for medical treatment received when you are away from home

Patient: person who is seeing a doctor for something wrong with their body

Pharmacists: person who fills the doctor’s prescription (usually at a different location that your doctor’s office)

Physician: doctor

Pediatrician: doctor for children

Poisons: substances that are very harmful to humans if in contact with

Prescription: written order for medicine to take to the pharmacy

Preexisting Condition: an illness or injury for which out have consulted a doctor or received medical treatment before buying a new insurance policy-some insurance companies will not pay the expenses for these illnesses or injuries

Primary-care Physician: family doctor associated with managed care companies

Seizure: a sudden, burst of uncontrollable movements, usually associated with an underlying disease

Shock: when the body does not get enough blood flow; feels like you are confused or bewildered

Spasm: uncontrolled tightening of the a muscle, also called a “cramp”

Sprain: an injury to a joint (ankle, wrist, elbow, etc.) not as serious as a fracture or break

Sting: sudden, sharp pain

Swelling: growing of areas around the joints, causes joint to ache if weight is put on it

Temperature: amount of heat your body is producing, if your body temperature rises over 99 degrees F, you may have a fever

Therapy: treatment used to better the use of something that has been injured, to regain its durability

Transplant: the moving of an organ from one human to another

Refill: when a doctor first writes a prescription the refill allows you to obtain additional doses without returning to the doctor’s office

Radiation: rays used to kill off cancer cells in he body

Ultrasound: test used to see activity inside of a human body (usually used to see babies inside the mother during pregnancies)

Unconscious: appearing to be dead, or inept, but alive and just non-responsive

Virus: organism that can cause sicknesses and diseases to spread throughout the body

Ward: section of a medical center where patients stay

Wound: injury to the body that needs to be tended to

X-ray: a machine that takes picture of a person’s bone or organs